Guido Kroemer has made important contributions to medical research through his groundbreaking work in the fields of cell biology and cancer research. He is best known for the discovery that the permeabilization of mitochondrial membranes constitutes a decisive step in programmed cell death. Kroemer has explored the fine mechanisms of mitochondrial cell death control, the molecular pathways that explain the inhibition of cell death in cancer cells, upstream of or at the level of mitochondria, and the mechanisms that make cancer cell death immunogenic. Kroemer has launched and then proven the hypothesis that the immune response against stressed and dying tumor cells dictates the therapeutic success of anticancer chemotherapy, both in mouse models and in cancer patients.
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